php地址转换

来源:百度文库 编辑:神马文学网 时间:2019/11/21 21:39:56
PHP对IP地址和子网掩码的处理方法
ip2long IP地址转换成整型。
long2ip 整型数据转换成IP。

子网掩码转换成掩码长度方式:
$slash_notation = strlen(preg_replace("/0/", "", decbin(ip2long($subnet_mask))));
$bits=strpos(decbin(ip2long($mask)),"0");

子网掩码位长转换成子网掩码形式:
$mask = 0xffffffff << (32 - $mask);
$mask = pow(2,32)-pow(2,(32-$mask));

判断两个地址是否在一个子网内:
php
function matchCIDR($addr, $cidr) {
   list($ip, $mask) = explode('/', $cidr);
   return (ip2long($addr) >> (32 - $mask) == ip2long($ip) >> (32 - mask));
}
?>

一个IPv4的类:
php

 //--------------
// IPv4 class
class ipv4
{
  var $address;
  var $netbits;

   //--------------
  // Create new class
  function ipv4($address,$netbits)
  {
    $this->address = $address;
    $this->netbits = $netbits;
  }

   //--------------
  // Return the IP address
  function address() { return ($this->address); }

   //--------------
  // Return the netbits
  function netbits() { return ($this->netbits); }

   //--------------
  // Return the netmask
  function netmask()
  {
    return (long2ip(ip2long("255.255.255.255")
           << (32-$this->netbits)));
  }

   //--------------
  // Return the network that the address sits in
  function network()
  {
    return (long2ip((ip2long($this->address))
           & (ip2long($this->netmask()))));
  }

   //--------------
  // Return the broadcast that the address sits in
  function broadcast()
  {
    return (long2ip(ip2long($this->network())
           | (~(ip2long($this->netmask())))));
  }

   //--------------
  // Return the inverse mask of the netmask
  function inverse()
  {
    return (long2ip(~(ip2long("255.255.255.255")
           << (32-$this->netbits))));
  }

}

  $ip = new ipv4("192.168.2.1",24);
  print "Address: $ip->address()\n";
  print "Netbits: $ip->netbits()\n";
  print "Netmask: $ip->netmask()\n";
  print "Inverse: $ip->inverse()\n";
  print "Network: $ip->network()\n";
  print "Broadcast: $ip->broadcast()\n";
?>

这个做法比较有创意:
For those poor little people using PHP 3, here's an ip2long:
php
if (!function_exists("ip2long")) {
 function ip2long($ip) {
  $ex = explode(".", $ip);
  if (count($ex)!=4) return -1;
  list($a, $b, $c, $d) = $ex;
  $a = $a*16777216;
  $b = $b*65536;
  $c = $c*256;
  return $a+$b+$c+$d;
 }
}
?>

#!/usr/local/bin/php
   $ip_addr = "172.14.1.57";
   $subnet_mask = "255.255.255.0";

   $ip = ip2long($ip_addr);
   $nm = ip2long($subnet_mask);
   $nw = ($ip & $nm);
   $bc = $nw | (~$nm);

   echo "IP Address:         " . long2ip($ip) . "\n";
   echo "Subnet Mask:        " . long2ip($nm) . "\n";
   echo "Network Address:    " . long2ip($nw) . "\n";
   echo "Broadcast Address:  " . long2ip($bc) . "\n";
   echo "Number of Hosts:    " . ($bc - $nw - 1) . "\n";
   echo "Host Range:         " . long2ip($nw + 1) . " -> " . long2ip($bc - 1)  . "\n";
?>

Produces the output:

IP Address:         172.14.1.57
Subnet Mask:        255.255.255.0
Network Address:    172.14.1.0
Broadcast Address:  172.14.1.255
Number of Hosts:    254
Host Range:         172.14.1.1 -> 172.14.1.254