Outsiders?The Changing Patterns of Exclusion in Latin America and the Caribbean

来源:百度文库 编辑:神马文学网 时间:2021/07/29 03:40:53
Contact Us |Site Index
SearchGO

IDB HomeAbout the IDBNewsCountriesTopicsProjectsKnowledge Publications


IDB Home >Research Department
Comment on this pageEspañol

What is IPES?HistoryForthcomingExcerpt (IPESITO)Working papersDatabasesReferencesPresentations & EventsWhat do people say?Contact us
IPES 2008 by chapterPrefaceAcknowledgmentsPART IOutsiders?Traditional Excluding ForcesDiscrimination in Latin AmericaState Reform and InclusionBad Jobs, Low Wages, and      ExclusionSocial Mobility and Social      ExclusionTo What Extent Do Latin      Americans Trust and Cooperate?PART IIPrivatization and Social ExclusionExclusion and PoliticsSocial Exclusion and ViolenceExclusion and Financial ServicesModern Forms of Program      Delivery and ExclusionPART IIIInclusion and Public PolicyThe Inclusion Process in Motion in      Latin America and the Caribbean
All reports2007 Report2006 Report2005 Report2004-2003 Report2002 Report2001 Report2000 Report1998-1999 Report1997 Report
Search RES site by topic
All Finance Labor and Social Issues Macroeconomics Microeconomics and Competitiveness Politics and Institutions Trade and Integration
by author
All Zhang, Lei - Fundacin Mediterranea, IREAL- Fundacin Mediterranea Acevedo, Carlos Acosta, Olga Lucía Adsera, Alicia Aedo, Cristian Agenor, Pierre-Richard Agosin, Manuel R. Aguilar, Ana María Aizenman, Joshua Aizenman, Joshua Albornoz, Vicente Alcazar, Lorena Aldana, Ursula Alderman, Harold Alesina, Alberto Alfaro, Laura Alfonso, Mariana Allen, Steven G. Alonso, Julio Cesar Alston, Lee J. Altés, Carmen Alvarado, Javier Alves, Denisard Andersen, Lykke Andrade, Gabriela Andrade, Raul Andrés, Luis Aninat, Cristobal Antelo, Eduardo Anuatti-Neto, Francisco Aparicio, Francisco Araujo, María Caridad Arauz, Patricia Arbelaez, Maria Angelica Arce, Gilberto E. Arcuri, Reginaldo Arellano, Cristina Arena, Marco Arends-Kuenning, Mary Paula Arias, Andres F. Arias, Luis A. Aristy Escuder, Jaime Arizala, Francisco Armas, Adrián Armendariz, Edna Artana, Daniel Atal, Juan Pablo Aterido, Reyes Attanasio, Orazio P. Auerbach, Paula Auguste, Sebastián Avellán, Leopoldo Ayala, Ulpiano Aylward, A. H. Azevedo, Viviane Azzoni, Carlos A. Badel, Alejandro Baena, Paloma Balzarotti, Veronica Banco Central de Argentina Barajas, Adolfo Barbieri, Eduardo Barham, Bradford Barja Daza, Gover Barossi-Filho, Milton Barrantes, Roxana Barrera, Felipe Barrios Ross, Armando Bartelsman, Eric Barth, James Basch, Miguel Bassi, Marina Beaudry, Paul Bebczuk, Ricardo N. Begg, David Behrman, Jere R. Belle Antoine, R. Bellettini, Orazio Belluzzo, Walter Belser, Patrick Benavides, Juan Benavides, Martin Benston, George J. Benton, Allyson Berg, Andrew Bergara, Mario Berhman, Jere Richard Berkman, Heather Berner, Heidi Berstein, Solange Bertozzi, Stefano M. Bertranou, Fabio Besfamille, Martín Betancourt, Norelis Bevilaqua, Afonso S. Bilecky, Pilar Birdsall, Nancy Birdsall, Nancy Bisogno, Marcello Bitrán, Ricardo Blalock, Garrick Blanchard, Olivier Bleakley, Hoyt Blitzer, Charles Blomberg, Brock Blommestein, Hans J. Blum, Roberto Blundell, Richard Blyde, Juan Bobba, Matteo Boeker, Madison Boix, Carles Bolaños Zamora, R. Bolaños, Rodrigo Boldrin, Michele Bolis, Mónica Bolton, Patrick Bolzico, Javier Bonelli, Regis Bonomo, Marco Bonvecchi, Alejandro Borchardt, Michale Bordignon, Massimo Bordo, Michael Borensztein, Eduardo Borensztein, Eduardo Boucher, Stephen Bouillon, Cesar Bour, Juan Luis Bouzas, Roberto Boyce, Simone Braun, Matías Braun, Miguel Bravo, David Bravo, David Brei, Michael Breinbauer, Cecilia Briceño, Mercedes Briones, Ignácio Bristol, Marlon Brock, Philip Bruni Celli, Josefina Bucheli, Marisa Buquet, Daniel Busso, Matias Bustamante, Alberto Butler, Inés Caballero, Ricardo J. Cabral, Célia Cabrera, Adriana Calcagno, Juan Carlos Calderon Madrid, Angel Calderón Martínez, L. Calderón Seminario, C. Calderón, César Calderón, Ma. Cecilia Calonico, Sebastian Calvo, Guillermo A. Calzadilla, Alvaro Campo, María Campos, Camil F.S. Candelo, Natalia Capra, Katherina Caprio, Jr., Gerard Cardenas, Juan Camilo Cardenas, Mauricio Carneiro, Pedro Carpio, Carla Carranza, Luis Carrasquilla, Alberto Carrasquilla, Alberto Carrillo, Paul Carrin, Guy Carstens, Agustín Carter, Michael Carvalhal-da-Silva , A. Casacuberta, Carlos Cascante, Javier Cassoni, Adriana Castaneda, Gonzalo Castelar Pinneiro, Armando Castilla, Luis Miguel Castillo Bardález, Paul Castillo, Marco Castro, Christian Castro, Manuel Fernando Catao, Luis Catena, Marcelo Cavallo, Eduardo A. Celasun, Oya Cely, Nathalie Centralogo, Oscar Cercone, James A. Céspedes, Luis Felipe Chahad, Jose Paulo Chamon, Marcos Chang, Charles C. Chang, Roberto Chaparro, Juan Camilo Chapman, Guillermo Charvériat, Céline Chasquetti, Daniel Chávez, Jorge F. Cheng, Yingmei Chief Economist Office Chisari, Omar Chong, Alberto Choque, Carmen María Chrisney, Martin CISALVA Clark, John W. Clark, Ximena Clavijo, Laura Clavijo, Sergio Clemente, Alejandra Coady, David Cohen, Daniel Conterno, Elena Contreras, Dante Coombs, Elizabeth Corbo, Vittorio Cordourier, Gabriela Coricelli, Fabrizio Corsetti, Giancarlo Corseuil, Carlos Henrique Corso, Eduardo Cortázar, René Côrtes Nerí, Marcelo Cortés, Patricia Cortez, Rafael Cossa, Ricardo Coviello, Decio Cowan, Kevin Cox, Raymond Anthony Crampton, Paul Crespi, Gustavo Crispi, Jaime Cristia, Julian Cristini, Marcela Cruces, Juan Cruz, Jose Miguel Cuba, Elmer Cuesta, José Cuesta, José Cueto, Santiago Cueva, Simón Cuevas, Mario Cumpa, Martin Dahan, Momi Dahlberg, Matz Damill, Mario Daude, Christian Dauhajre, Hijo, Andrés Daza, Abelardo de Brun, Julio de Carvalho, A. Gledson de Cunha Rezende, Flávio De Gregorio, José de Janvry, Alain de la Cruz, Rafael De León, Ignacio de Menezes, Tatiana Delgado, Félix Dell‘ Ariccia, Giovanni Della Corte, Giuseppe Della Mea, Umberto Deutsch, Ruthanne Devlin, Robert Devoto, Maria Laura di Gresia, Luciano Di Tella, Rafael Díaz Alvarado, Carlos Diaz Bonilla, Eugenio Díaz Cayeros, Alberto Díaz Solsona, Adolfo Díaz, Hugo Diego Torejos, Juan Dollar, David Doña, Juan E. Dooley, Michael P. dos Reis, Laura Downes, Andrew S. Druck, Pablo Duarte, Fabián Duffy, Timothy Duncan, Alan Durán-Valverde, Fabio Duryea, Suzanne Easterly, William Echavarria, Juan Jose Echebarria, Koldo Echeverry, Juan Carlos Edwards, Alejandra Cox Edwards, Sebastian Egloff, Enrique Eichengreen, Barry El Khoury, Marianne Elías, Julio Elías, Víctor Elías, Víctor Enamorado, Ted Engel, Eduardo Ernesto, Schargrodsky Escobal, Javier Escobar, Andrés Escrivá, José Luis Eslava, Marcela Espinasa, Ramón Espinosa Ferrando, Jaime Esquivel, Gerardo Estevadeordal, Antoni Evenson, Robert Evia, Jose Luis Eyzaguirre, Hugo F. Mexicana de Salud Fachola, Gabriela Fainboim Yaker, Israel Fainboim Yaker, Israel Fanelli, Jose Maria Fazio, Maria Victoria Fernandez, Reynaldo Fernández-Arias, Eduardo Ferreira, Francisco H.G. Filc, Gabriel Filgueira, Carlos Filgueira, Fernando Fischer, Ronald Flandreau, Marc Flores, Rafael Flores, Ramon Flores, Rubén Flórez, Carmen Elisa Florio, Massimo Flug, Karnit Fofack, Hippolyte Fogel, Miguel Fogel, Robert W. Folkerts-Landau, David Forbes, Kristin Foster, James E. Frankel, Jeffrey Frenk, Julio Frenkel, Roberto Frieden, Jeffry Fuentes, Alvaro Fuentes, Rodrigo Fukasaku, Kiichiro Fukuyama, Francis Funaro, Rita Fundação Getulio Vargas Fundación Mediterranea, IREAL Funkhouser, Edward Galarza, Francisco Galasso, Emanuela Galatas, Manuel Galdo, José Galdo, Virgilio Galiani, Sebastian Galindo, Arturo Gallup, John Luke Galopo, Erwing Galor, Oded Gamboa González, Rafael Ganapolsky, Eduardo Gandelman, Eduardo Gandelman, Nestor Garay, Urbi Garber, Peter M. Garcé, Adolfo García Herrero, Alicia Garcia Osio, Gustavo Garcia, Carlos García, Cristina Garcia, Márcio Garrón B., Mauricio Gasha, Jose Giancarlo Gasparini, Leonardo Gavin, Michael Gaviria, Alejandro Genoni, María Eugenia Gerchunoff, Pablo Germán, Rios Gershberg, Alec Ian Gertler, Paul Ghezzi, Piero Giedion, Ursula Gill, Indermit Giuffrida, Antonio Goldstein, Andrea Gomez, Irma Adriana Gómez, Pável Gómez, Raquel Gómez-Peña, Carlos Andrés Gonzales de Olarte, Efrain Gonzales, Alberto González de Pacheco, Rosa Gonzalez Morales, Luis González Rozada, Martín González, Francisco Gonzalez, Luis Armando González, Maximiliano González, Milko González, Pablo Gonzalez-Eiras, Martín Goodhart, Charles GRADE Gradstein, Mark Grafe, Fernando Graham, Carol Grantham-McGregor, Sally Grau-Perez, Carlos Gray-Molina, George Graziani, Carlo Grewal, Bhajan S. Griffith-Jones, Stephany Grindle, Merilee Grippa, Francisco Grisanti, Alejandro Grosman, Nicolás Grossi, Tereza Gruben, William Gruber, Jonathan Guatemala, ASIES Güémez García , Guillermo Guerra, Leonel Guerrero, Rodrigo Guevara, Juan Carlos Gutiérrez, Luis H. Gutierrez, Rodrigo Guzman, Andrea Guzmán, Rolando Hajj, Mandana Hall, Luis J. Hallward-Driemeier, Mary Haltiwanger, John Handa, Sudhanshu Hansen, Erwin Hansen, Karsten T. Hanson, Gordon H. Harker, Arturo Hartmann, Philipp Hausmann, Ricardo Hecht, Robert Heckman, James J. Heinrich, Carolyn J. Henao, M. L. Henke, Alejandro Hentschel, Jesko Hercowitz, Zvi Hernandez Alvarez, Carlos Hernández Licona, Gonzalo Hernández Trillo, Fausto Hernández, Gonzalo Hernández, Iván Hernandez, Pablo Hernani, Werner Herrera, Ana María Herrera, Luis Oscar Herrera, Santiago Hiemenz, Ulrich Higuera, Lucas Hilgert, Marianne Hoek, Jaap Hoffmann, Johannes Holmes, John Hommes, Rudolf Hopenhayn, Hugo A. Hoynes, Hilary Huerta, Maricarmen Hughes, Sallie Iacoviello, Mercedes Icoechea, O. IESA/LACSO Iglesias, Enrique V. Ignácio, Briones Ilahi, Nadeem ISER Iunes, R. Izaguirre, Ana Carolina Izquierdo, Alejandro Jacinto, Claudia Jacobs, Michael Jaén, Maria Helena Jaimovich, Dany Jamison, Dean Janna, Michel Jappelli, Tullio Jaramillo, Fidel Jaramillo, Juan C. Jaramillo, Olga Lucia Jaspersen, Frederick Jeanne, Olivier Jemio, Luis Carlos Jessen, Anneke Jimenez, Juan P. Jimenez, Wilson Johnson, Christian Johnson, Susan Johnston, Donald J. Jones, Mark P. Jorge, Sonia Junguito, Roberto Kamil, Herman Kaminsky, Graciela Kanczuk, Fabio Kast, Felipe Katz, Jorge Kaufman, George G. Kawabata, K. Kawai, Masahiro Kawamura, Enrique Kearns, Jonathan Keifman, Saul Kidolezi, Yohanne Kiguel, Miguel A. Klenow, Pete Kletzer, Kenneth Klinger, Bailey Knaul, Felicia Marie Koechlin, Valerie Koo, Jahyeong Kraemer, Moritz Kroszner, Randall S. Kruger, Diana Kuczynski, Paul Kugler, Adriana Kugler, Maurice Kuhn, Peter Kulu, Hill Kumhof, Michael La Ferrara, Eliana La Forgia, G. Labadie, Gaston J. Lacayo, Miguel Lam, David Landregan, John Lapuerta, Carlos Lardé de Palomo, A. Larrain, Borja Larrain, Guillermo Larrañaga, Osvaldo Larrea, Carlos Leal, Ricardo Lee, Sigfrido Lefort, Fernando Lehoucq, Fabrice Leibovich, Jóse Leiderman, Leonardo Leipziger, Danny Leme, Maria Carolina León, Gianmarco Leon, John Jairo Letelier, Leonardo Levano Castro, Cecilia Levine, David Levine, Ross Levison, Deborah Levy Algazi, Santiago Levy Yeyati, Eduardo Lizano, Eduardo Lizarazo, Sandra Llach, Juan Llach, Lucas Llach, Lucas Llewellyn, David Llontop Ledesma, Pedro Llosa, Luis Gonzalo Loayza, Norman Loboguerrero, Ana Lombardo, Davide Lomborg, Bjorn Londoño, Juan Luis Loo-Kung, Rudy Lopez Boo, Florencia López Cordova, José Lopez-de-Silanes, F. López-Murphy, Ricardo Lora, Eduardo Lorenzo, Fernando Losada, Fernando Lozada, Carlos Lucio, Ruth Luegas, Pavel Lustig, Nora Má, Cecilia Macedo, Roberto Maceira, Daniel Machado, Fabiana Machicado, Carlos Gustavo Mackowiak, Bartosz Macours, Karen Macroconsult, S.A. Madrigal, Lucia Maggi, Giovanni Majnoni, Giovanni Maloney, William Maluccio, John Mamingi, Nlandu Mañas, Luis A. Manasse, Paolo Mancilla, Elton Mandalaoui, Elisa Mansoob Murshed, Syed Manzano, Osmel E. Maqueira, Carlos Marcano, Luis Marcel, Mario Márquez, Gustavo Marquez, Robert Marshall, Don Martin Prieto, Juan M. Martinez Peria, Maria Soledad Martinez S., Juan F. Martínez, Hermes Martínez, Luis Daniel Martorell, Reynaldo Marx, Daniel Mathieson, Donald Mauro, Paolo Mayer-Foulkes, David Mazza, Jacqueline McConnell, Kenneth E. McNellis, Paul D. Meardon, Stephen Mechbal, Ammar Medina, Carlos Meguir, Costas Meissner, Christopher Mejía Acosta, Andrés Mejía, Carolina Mejía, Luis Fernando Mejía-Guerra, José Antonio Melasecca, Maria Helena Melendez, Marcela Melendez, Mercedes Melo, Alberto Melo, Marcus André Méndez, Rodolfo J. Mendoza, Enrique Menezes-Filho, Naercio Mera, Jorge Mercer-Blackman, Valerie Merino, Gustavo Mezza, Alvaro Micco, Alejandro Miles, Daniel Millan, Jaime Miller, Marcus Miller, Margaret Mintz, P. Miranda, Ernesto Mishkin, Frederick Mizala, Alejandra Mizala, C. Moav, Omer Molina, Danielken Molinas, José Monaldi, Francisco Mondino, Guillermo Monge-Naranjo, A. Monsoob Murshed, Syed Montalvo, Pedro Montenegro, Claudio Montenegro, Santiago Montero, José Manuel Montero, Marcela Monterrey Arce, Javier Montes, Pedro Andrés Montiel, Nancy Montiel, Peter Montiel, Peter Montoya, Silvia Moore, Robert Mora, Nada Moraes, Juan Andrés Morales, Natacha Morales, Rolando Morandé, Felipe G. Moreira, Mauricio Morón, Eduardo Morris, Saul Morriset, Jacques Morrison, Andrew Moskovitz, Cynthia Moya, Ramiro MP de Mello, Joao Mueller, Bernardo Muñoz, Ernesto Muñoz, Rafael Munoz, Santiago Muñoz-Vargas, Erlend Murillo, Maria Victoria Murrugarra, Edmundo Nacif, Benito Nakasone, Eduardo Nankani, Gobind Navajas, Fernando Navarro A., Bernardo Navarro, Juan Carlos Navia, Patricio Negretto, Gabriel Neumeyer, Pablo Andrés Nicolini, Juan Pablo Nina, Osvaldo Ñopo, Hugo Noya, Nelson Nuñez, Jairo Núñez, Jairo Nuñez, Sergio O‘Connell, Lesley Obstfeld, Maurice Obuchi, Richard Ocampos, Lorraine Ochoa, Marcelo Olarreaga, Marcelo Olgiati, Analía Olinto, Pedro Oliveira, Antonio Miler Dias Olivera, Mauricio Orazem, Peter F. Ordoñez, Fidel Ordoñez, Guillermo Luis Orozco, Angela María Ortiz de Zevallos, Gabriel Ortíz Trepowski, Emilio Ortiz, Alberto Osimani, Rosa Otero, Karina Ottonello, Pablo Oviedo, Marcelo Ozuna, Teofilo, Jr. Pachón, Mónica Paderanga Jr., Cayetano Padilla, Atilano Jorge Paes de Barros, Ricardo Paes de Barros, Ricardo Pagano, Marco Pagés-Serra, Carmen Palacios, Rosa María Panizza, Ugo Paravisini, Daniel Paredes Molina, Ricardo D. Parker, Susan W. Partow, Zeinab Pascó-Font, Alberto Patillo, Cathy Payne, Mark Pazello, Elaine Penfold, Michael Penfold, Ricardo Pereira, Carlos Pereyra, Andrés Perez de Rada, E. Perez Perez, Pablo Pérez Sáinz, Juan Pablo Perez, Natalia Pérez-Liñán, Anibal Perotti, Roberto Perry, Guillermo Perticara, Marcela Perusia, Juan Cruz Pessino, Carola Pessoa, Marcelo Peterson, Per Petrie, Ragan Piani, Giorgina Picchetti, Paulo Pinckney, Thomas C. Pineda, José G. Pinzon, Mauricio Piras, Claudia Pizzolitto, Giorgina Podjarny, Edgardo Polania, Sandra Pollarolo, Pierina Pombo, Carlos Posadas, Josefina Poullier, Jean-Pierre Powell, Andrew Prada, Maria Fernanda Pradelli, Juan J. Prieto, Iván PROCOMPETENCIA, Venezuela Provoste, Yasna Puente, José Manuel Quiang, Z. Quispe, Myriam Quisumbing, Agnes Quy-Toan, Do Raddatz, Claudio Radwan, I. Rama, Martin Ramírez, Manuel Ramos, Olga Ranciére, Romain Raravisini, Daniel Rascón, Ericka Ravallion, Martin Ravina, Renato Rebucci, Alessandro Redish, Angela Regalia, Ferdinando Reinhart, Carmen Reisen, Helmut Rendon, Silvio Renteria, Carolina Requejo, Alejandro Reyes, José Antonio Reyes, María O. Rial, Isabel Riaño, Alejandro Ribero, Rocio Ricaurte, Ana María Rigobon, Roberto Rios, Germán Ríos, Vanessa Ripani, Laura Rius, Andrés Riutort, Matías Rivas, Gonzalo Rivera Campos, R. Rivera-Batiz, Luis Robinson, David Robles C., Edgar Robles, Marcos Robles, Miguel Rochet, Jean-Charles Rodrigo Fuentes, J. Rodriguez Balza, Rafael Rodríguez, Alesia Rodriguez, Carlos Jorge Rodriguez, Florencia Rodríguez, Francisco Rodriguez, Martha Rodríguez-Clare, A. Rodríguez-Pombo, Maria Victoria Rodrik, Dani Rojas, Freddy Rojas, Jorge Rojas-Suárez, Liliana Romaguera, Pilar Romano, Luis Ernesto Romer, Paul Michael Romero, Carlos Romero, Randall Ronconi, Lucas Rosenberg, Elca Rosenthal, Howard Rossi, Martín A. Rossi, Máximo Rothschild, Julie Rozemberg, Ricardo Rubalcava, Luis Rubio, Mauricio Rubli, Johanna Rueda, Miguel Rufo, Hernán Ruiz Núñez, Fernanda Ruiz-Tagle, Cristobal Rutman, José Saavedra-Chanduví, Jaime Sabot, Richard H. Saddi, Jairo Sadoulet, Elizabeth Saiegh, Sebastian Salas, Carlos Salazar, Natalia Salazar, Raúl Salazni, Mariana Samaniego, Norma Sanborn, Cynthia Sánchez Torres, Fabio Sánchez Ugarte, F. Sánchez, Gabriel Sanchez, Gustavo Sánchez, José Miguel Sánchez, Mario Sanchez, R. Sangsubhan, Kanit Sanguinetti, Juan Sanguinetti, Pablo Sanhueza, Claudia Sanhueza, Ricardo Santana, Isidoro Santiago, Ana Santiso, Javier Santos, Daniel Sarmiento, Adolfo Sasaki, Masaru Sasson, Diego Luciano Saunders, Anthony Savedoff, William D. Scarpetta, Stefano Scartascini, Carlos Schamis, Hector E. Schargrodsky, Ernesto Schclarek, Alfredo Schiantarelli, Fabio Schmukler, Sergio Schneider, Ben Ross Schneider, Christian Schroth, Enrique Schultz, T. Paul Schumacher, Liliana Sebastián, Miguel Seddon Wallack, Jessica Sedlacek, Guilherme Seitz, Helmut Semidey, Mariela Sengupta, Piyali Sequín, Luis Zambrano Serebrisky, Tomas Serra, César Manuel Serra, Pablo Serrano, Claudia Serven, Luis Sethi, Rajiv Sgut, M. Shaffer, Sherrill Shearer, Matthew Shi, Wei Shinkai, Naoko Shixue, Jiang Shleifer, Andrei Silva de Mendoca, Rosane Silva, Joana Silveira-Neto, Raúl Sisti, Elvio Skoufias, Emmanuel Smith, John Dunn Smith, Nicole Soares, Rodrigo Sojo, Carlos Solana, Gonzalo Solla, Alejandra Sommers, Paul Sookram, Sandra Soruco, Ximena Sosa Escudero, Walter Sosa, Horacio Soto, Victoria Eugenia Sousa, Mariana Spiegel, Mark M. Spilimbergo, Antonio Spiller, Pablo Stabilito, Augusto Stampini, Marco Steil, Benn Stein, Ernesto H. Steiner, Roberto Stifel, David Stone, Leslie Stone, Leslie Straub, Stéphane Streb, Jorge M. Sturzenegger, Federico Suarez, Gustavo Sumlinski, Mariusz A. Suryahadi, Asep Sussman, Nathan Sy, Amadou Székely, Miguel Taborda, Rodrigo Talvi, Ernesto Tamayo, Gonzalo Tansini, Rubén Terra, Cristina Teruel, Graciela Teruel, Graciela Timmins, Christopher Todd, Petra Tokman, Andrea Tommasi, Mariano Torero, Máximo Tornell, Aaron Torre, Juan Carlos Torres, Javier Torres, Raymond Trachter, Nicholas Trejos, Juan Diego Treviño, Hipólito Trivelli, Carolina Tuesta, Vicente Ubilla, Gloria UDAPE Universidad T. Di Tella Urbiztondo, Santiago Ureta, Manuelita Urizar H., Carmen Urquiola, Miguel Urzua, Sergio Valderrama, José Valdés, Rodrigo Valdivia, Martin Valenzuela, Patricio Valenzuela, Patricio Vane, Patricia Vargas H., Hernando Vasquez, Diego Mauricio Végh, Carlos A. Veiga, Aline Velarde, Julio Velasco, Andrés Velasquez, Max Vera Hernández, Marcos Vial, Joaquín Vides de Andrade, Ana Vigorito, Andrea Vijil, Mireille Villagómez Amezcua, A. Villarroel Bohrt, Sergio Villegas Ramírez, Fabio Villemot, Sébastien Viñals, José Violante,Giovanni L. Viviane, Azevedo Vladkova, Ivanna Von Hagen, Jürgen Wachtenheim, Erik Wajnman, Simone Walker, Eduardo Walker, Ian Wang, Jian Watson, Patrick Weinschelbaum, F. Weisbrod, Steven R. Weiss, Andrew Weitz-Shapiro, Rebecca Werneck, Rogerio L.F. Werner, Alejandro Westley, Glenn White, Jonathan Williamson, John Wilmsmeier, G. Wilson, Jímenez Winslow, Terry Winters, Matthew S. Wolak, Frank A. Worrell, DeLisle Yáñez, Ernesto Yañez, Mónica Yañez-Pagans, Patricia Yang, Li Yap, Yoon-Tien Yaron, Jacob Younger, Stephen D. Zagha, Roberto Zamudio, Andrés Zanforlin, Luisa Zapata, Daniela Zarate, J. P. Zegarra, Eduardo Zegarra, Luis Felipe Zettelmeyer, Jeromin Zhang, Lei Zuccardi, Igor Zuvanic, Laura Zylberstajn, Helio
by publication type
All Books Competitiveness Series Compás Laboral Databases IDEA IDEA Express Latin American Economic Policies Presentations Research Net. Working Papers Seminar Papers Research Dep. Working Papers Country Studies Initiative IPESito (Excerpt) RES in the Press REVELA

Economic and Social Progress in Latin America - IPES 2008
Outsiders?
The Changing Patterns of Exclusion in
Latin America and the Caribbean

Download full report ( pdf )
What is IPES? |All Reports |Forthcoming
Outsiders? raises a number of fundamental questions about the multidimensional and interrelated nature of social exclusion and moves beyond the traditional emphasis on outcomes and groups to view exclusion as a process that results from societal traits that limit the functionings of the excluded. Using the tools of experimental economics, the report shows the enormous economic and welfare costs of exclusion, suggesting that inclusion policies should be viewed as an investment rather than as a supposedly generous handout to the worst off in society. Inclusion policies thus are more than new programs or new institutions to redress past injustices through income transfers, and imply fundamental changes in the way decisions are made, resources are allocated, and policies are implemented in democratic societies.
Reserve your copy at:IDB Ecommerce or atAmazon.com
Highlights: view winning videos
In an effort to expand traditional social and economic research techniques and recognizing that the use of audiovisual technologies and documentary films is a powerful tool to stimulate reflection on our society, the Inter-American Development Bank invited audiovisual producers from its member countries to present entries in the micro-documentary competition The Faces of Exclusion.
  © 2008 Inter-American Development Bank. All rights reserved.Terms and Conditions