译言网 | 提高创新能力的20个技巧

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于2010-10-11 13:14:56翻译 | 已有2037人浏览
Tags:创新 |创造力

According to cognitivepsychologist Robert J. Sternberg, creativity can be broadly defined as"...the process of producing something that is both original andworthwhile" (2003). Creativity is all about finding new ways of solvingproblems and approaching situations. This isn't a skill restricted toartists, musicians or writers; it is a useful skill for people from allwalks of life. If you've ever wanted to boost your creativity, thesetips can help.  按照认知心理学家罗伯特.斯腾伯格的说法,创新可大致定义为“......创造既新颖又有价值的东西的过程”(2003年)。创新其实就是寻找解决问题和将要处理情形的新途径。这不是仅限于艺术家、音乐家或作家的一种技能,它是一种对各行各业都有用的技能。如果你曾想要提高自己的创新能力,下面这些技巧可以给予你帮助。
1. Commit Yourself to Developing Your Creativity1. 全身心投入
Thefirst step is to fully devote yourself to developing your creativeabilities. Do not put off your efforts. Set goals, enlist the help ofothers and put time aside each day to develop your skills.
2. Become an Expert2. 变成一个专家
Oneof the best ways to develop creativity is to become an expert in thatarea. By having a rich understanding of the topic, you will be betterable to think of novel or innovative solutions to problems.
3. Reward Your Curiosity3. 奖励你的好奇心
Onecommon roadblock to developing creativity is the sense that curiosityis an indulgence. Rather than reprimanding yourself, reward yourselfwhen you are curious about something. Give yourself the opportunity toexplore new topics.
4. Realize that Creativity is Sometimes Its Own Reward4. 认识到有时创新本身就是奖赏
Whilerewarding yourself is important, it is also important to developintrinsic motivation. Sometimes, the true reward of creativity is theprocess itself, not the product.
5. Be Willing to Take Risks5. 乐于冒险
Whenit comes to building your creative skills, you need to be willing totake risks in order to advance your abilities. While your efforts maynot lead to success every time, you will still be boosting your creativetalents and building skills that will serve you well in the future.
6. Build Your Confidence6. 建立自信
Insecurityin your abilities can suppress creativity, which is why it is importantto build confidence. Make note of the progress you have made, commendyour efforts and always be on the lookout for ways to reward yourcreativity.
7. Make Time for Creativity7. 为创新投入时间
Youwon't be able to develop your creative talents if you don't make timefor them. Schedule some time each week to concentrate on some type ofcreative project.
8. Overcome Negative Attitudes that Block Creativity8. 克服阻碍创新的消极态度
Accordingto a 2006 study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy ofSciences, positive moods can increase your ability to think creatively.According to Dr. Adam Anderson, senior author of the study, "If you aredoing something that requires you be creative or be in a think tank,you want to be in a place with good mood." Focus on eliminating negativethoughts or self-criticisms that may impair your ability to developstrong creative skills.
9. Fight Your Fear of Failure9. 克服失败的恐惧
Thefear that you might make a mistake or fail in your efforts can paralyzeyour progress. Whenever you find yourself harboring such feelings,remind yourself that mistakes are simply part of the process. While youmay occasionally stumble on your path to creativity, you will eventuallyreach your goals.
10. Brainstorm to Inspire New Ideas
10. 激发新思路的头脑风暴
Brainstormingis a common technique in both academic and professional settings, butit can also be a powerful tool for developing your creativity. Start bysuspending your judgment and self-criticism, then start writing downrelated ideas and possible solutions. The goal is to generate as manyideas as possible in a relatively short span of time. Next, focus onclarifying and refining your ideas in order to arrive at the bestpossible choice.
11. Realize That Most Problems Have Multiple Solutions11. 认识到大多数问题都有多个解决方案
Thenext time to approach a problem, try looking for a variety ofsolutions. Instead of simply going with the first idea you have, takethe time to think of other possible ways to approach the situation. Thissimple activity is a great way to build both your problem-solving andcreative thinking skills.
12. Keep a Creativity Journal
12. 记创新日记
Startkeeping a journal to follow your creative process and track the ideasyou produce. A journal is a great way to reflect back on what you haveaccomplished and look for other possible solutions. This journal can beused to save ideas that can later serve as future inspiration.
13. Create a Mind Map
13. 创建一幅脑图
Amind map is a great way to connect ideas and look for innovativeanswers to questions. Create a mind map by writing down a central topicor word. Next, link related terms or ideas around the central word.While similar to brainstorming, this technique allows for branchingideas and offers a very visual way of seeing how these ideas are linked.
14. Challenge Yourself14. 挑战自己
Onceyou have developed some basic creative skills, it is important tocontinually challenge yourself in order to further advance yourabilities. Look for more difficult approaches, try out new things andavoid always using the same solutions you have used in the past.
15. Try the "Six Hats" Technique
15. 尝试“六顶帽子”技巧
The"six hats" technique involves looking at a problem from six differingperspectives. By doing this, you can produce more ideas than you mighthave had you only looked at the situation from one or two points ofview.
* Red Hat: Look at the situation emotionally. What do your feelings tell you?
* White Hat: Look at the situation objectively. What are the facts?
* Yellow Hat: Use a positive perspective. Which elements of the solution will work?  *黄帽子:使用积极的观点。这个解决方案的哪些部分行得通呢?
* Black Hat: Use a negative perspective. Which elements of the solution won’t work?
* Green Hat: Think creatively. What are some alternative ideas?
* Blue Hat: Think broadly. What is the best overall solution?  *蓝帽子:广泛地思考。最好的整体解决方案是什么?
16. Look for Sources of Inspiration16. 寻找灵感的源泉
Neverexpect creativity to just happen. Look for new sources of inspirationthat will give you fresh ideas and motivate you to generate uniqueanswers to questions. Read a book, visit a museum, listen to yourfavorite music or engage in a lively debate with a friend. Utilizewhatever strategy or technique works best for you.
17. Create Opportunities for Creativity17. 为创新创造机遇
Inaddition to looking for inspiration, you also need to create your ownopportunities for creativity. This might involve tackling a new projector finding new tools to use in your current projects.
18. Consider Alternative Scenarios18. 考虑替代方案
Whenapproaching a problem, utilize "what if..." questions to consider eachpossible scenario. If you take a specific approach, what will theoutcome be? By looking at these alternatives beforehand, you'll bebetter able to develop creative solutions to problems.
19. Create a Flow Chart
19. 创建流程图
Whenyou are developing a new project, start by creating a flow chart totrack the presentation of the project from start to finish. Look forvarious paths or sequences of events that might occur. A flow chart canhelp you visualize the final product, eliminate potential problems andcreate unique solutions.
20. Try the Snowball Technique
20. 尝试“滚雪球”技巧
Haveyou ever noticed how one great idea often leads directly to another?You can take advantage of this by utilizing a "snowball technique" whenyou are generating ideas for your project. If the idea isn't appropriatefor your current work, set it aside to work on later or implement it ina future project.